These

unacceptable


offspring


are


culled

as

soon

as

their


defect
becomes
apparent.


The


balance


of


the


offspring


are


culled

many


time
at

various


stages


of


development


based


on

the


breeder's


expert


eye
and
in


some


cases,


the


use

of


closely

guarded

trade


techniques.

These
culled
fry

are


usually

destroyed


or


used

as

feeder


fish.


Older


culls
found

within

their


first


year


when


between


3"


to


6"


long


(also

called
"Tosai"),

are


considered


'pond-

quality'


Koi


and

are


sold


to


tropical


fish
stores,

aquarium

shops,


large


chain


stores


that


carry


tropical


fish

for
sale

and

in


recent


years


in


this

day

of


the


Internet,


through


tropical


fish
auction

web


sites.
Here
is


a

picture


of


"Alexandria".


The


most


expensive


live


fish

ever


sold


~


$2.2
Even

though

they


are


considered


run

-

of

-

the

-

mill

pond


Koi,


they


can

still


bring


a

handsome

retail


price

which
can
range,


depending

on

size,

from

$9.95


at


a

large


chain


store


up

to


$300


or


more


on

up

to


several
thousands
of


dollars


via


the


use

of


Internet


auction


web


sites

which

cater


to


the


more


serious


hobbyist


and
more

all


the


way


up

to


2.2


million.

Price


wise,


even

though

you

may


have

a

far


superior

Koi


swimming


merrily

around

in


your


out


door


pond


than
the

one

that


just

won


the


International


Koi


Show


in


Japan


this

year,


the


fact


that


the


fish

that


won


that


show
could

place


the


valuation


of


that


Koi


in


the


millions


of


dollars


when


sold


(you


having


purchased

yours


at


a
local
shop

when


6"


long


for


$19.95)


you

would

never


be

able


to


sell


yours


for


millions.


But


don't


be

upset.
The

same


holds


true


with


other


animals


that


win


Championship


contest


such

as

dogs,


cats


etc.


It

cost


a

lot

of
money

to


be

able


to


put


a

Koi


or


dog

or


cat


in


a

sufficient


number


of


shows


to


ever


get


a

chance


at


being
judged

the


best


ever


for


that


particular

year.


Even


though

it

is


the


large


Koi


breeders


of


the


world,


especially


in
Japan,

that


win


those


shows,


it

doesn't


mean


that


you

can't


raise

Koi


of


the


same


or


superior

quality.


As
mentioned
earlier,

you

can't


control


what


the


off


spring


are


going


to


look


like.
You

can

only


purchase

and

raise

Koi


with


the


best


body

conformation


and

definition


of


color


you

can

afford,
then

it's


all


up

to


chance.


After

that


what


you

do

with


the


resulting


offspring


is


what


you

make


of


it.


The


semi

-
randomized

result


of


the


Koi


reproductive


process


has

both


advantages

and

disadvantages


for


the


breeder.
While

it

requires

diligent


oversight

to


narrow

down


the


favorable

result


that


the


breeder


wants,


it

also


makes
possible
the


development


of


new


varieties


of


Koi


within

relatively


few

generations.


The


Koi


fish

....


ounce


for
ounce

.....


pound


for


pound


are


more


valuable


than


any

other


aquatic


animal


or


fish

you

as

an

individual


can
raise.
Koi

are


ornamental


domesticated


varieties


of


the


common


carp
(
Cyprinus


carpio

)


that


are


kept


for


decorative
purposes
in


outdoor


Koi


ponds

or


water


gardens.Koi


are


among

the


longest

-

living


vertebrates,


with


some
animals

living


over


200

years.


The


most


popular


category


of


Koi


is


the


Gosanke

,


which

is


made


up

of
the

Kohaku
,

Taisho


Sanshoku
,

and

Showa

Sanshoku

varieties.
Varieties
Koi

varieties


are


distinguished


by

coloration,


patterning,


and

scalation.


Some

of


the


major


colors

are


white,
black,

red,


yellow,

blue,


and

cream.

While


the


possible

color


variations


are


virtually


limitless,


breeders


have